This unit will explore the various liturgies of the Oriental Orthodox tradition: Coptic, Syrian (East and West), Armenian, and Ethiopian. A survey of four distinct liturgical rites that still exist today will complete a foundational understanding to the diverse observances of these cultural traditions. It will enable students to engage and compare ancient and modern liturgical texts, specifically the anaphora’s, as well as analyse theological representations expressed in each tradition.

Unit code: DL8210A

Unit status: Approved (New unit)

Points: 24.0

Unit level: Postgraduate Foundational

Unit discipline: Liturgy

Delivery Mode: Blended

Proposing College: St Athanasius College

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Learning outcomes


Critically articulate the historical context of an Oriental Orthodox Liturgy in Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages, or the Modern era.


Appraise the primary sources and manuscripts of the liturgies.


Critically evaluate the biblical, patristic, and theological influences of the liturgies.


Demonstrate knowledge of basic liturgical structures and differences.


Analyse theological themes throughout a diverse set of anaphoras.


Develop a critical framework for reading and interpreting liturgical texts.

Unit sequence



Mixed mode/Blended learning – pre-recorded lectures, guided readings, and weekly tutorials.

Indicative Bibliography

Alexopoulos, Stefanos, and Maxwell E. Johnson. Introduction to Eastern Christian Liturgies. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2021.

Bitton-Ashkelony, Brouria, and Derek Krueger, eds. Prayer and worship in Eastern Christianities, 5th to 11th centuries. London: Routledge, 2017.

Bradshaw, Paul F., and Maxwell E. Johnson. The Eucharistic Liturgies: Their Evolution and Interpretation. No. 87. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012.

Brightman, F.E., ed. Liturgies Eastern and Western Being the Texts Original or Translated of the Principal Liturgies of the Church. Vol. 1. Eastern Liturgies. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1896.

Conybeare, Frederick C. Rituale armenorum: being the administration of the sacraments and the breviary rites of the Armenian Church. Translated by Arthur John Maclean. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1905.; repr. Heildesheim Olms, 2004.

Daoud, Marcos. The liturgy of the Ethiopian Church. London: Routledge, 2005.

Galadza, Daniel. Liturgy and byzantinization in Jerusalem. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Gelston, A. The Eucharistic Prayer of Addai and Mari. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.

ibn Sabbā, Yūḥannā, Abū al-Barakāt ibn Kabar, and Gabriel V. Guides to the Eucharist in Medieval Egypt: Three Arabic Commentaries on the Coptic Liturgy. Edited by Arsenius Mikhail. New York: Fordham University Press, 2022.

Samuel, Athanasius Yeshue, ed. Anaphoras: The Book of the Divine Liturgies According to the Rite of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch. Lodi: The Syrian Orthodox Church, 1991.


Type Description Word count Weight (%)
Essay 3500 50.0
Essay 3500 50.0

Unit approved for the University of Divinity by Prof Albert Haddad on 14 Sep, 2022

Unit record last updated: 2022-09-14 09:40:03 +1000