This unit will explore the various liturgies of the Oriental Orthodox tradition: Coptic, Syrian (East and West), Armenian, and Ethiopian. A survey of four distinct liturgical rites that still exist today will complete a foundational understanding to the diverse observances of these cultural traditions. It will enable students to engage and compare ancient and modern liturgical texts, specifically the anaphoras, as well as analyse theological representations expressed in each tradition.

Unit code: DL1210A

Unit status: Approved (New unit)

Points: 18.0

Unit level: Undergraduate Level 1

Unit discipline: Liturgy

Delivery Mode: Blended

Proposing College: St Athanasius College

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Learning outcomes


Articulate the historical context of an Oriental Orthodox Liturgy from late antiquity to the contemporary era.


Evaluate how liturgical primary sources constitute a distinctive type of historical evidence.


Assess the biblical, patristic, and theological influences in the liturgies.


Demonstrate knowledge of key terms relating to liturgical concepts.


Analyse theological themes throughout a diverse set of anaphoras.


Mixed mode/Blended learning – pre-recorded lectures, guided readings and weekly tutorials.

Indicative Bibliography

Alexopoulos, Stefanos, and Maxwell E. Johnson. Introduction to Eastern Christian Liturgies. Collegeville MN: Liturgical Press, 2021.

Bradshaw, Paul F. Daily Prayer in the Early Church: A Study of the Origin and Early Development of the Divine Office. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 1981.

Bradshaw, Paul F., and Maxwell E. Johnson. The Eucharistic Liturgies: Their Evolution and Interpretation. No. 87. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012.

Bradshaw, Paul F. The New SCM Dictionary of Liturgy and Worship. London: SCM Press, 2013.

Conybeare, Frederick C. Rituale armenorum: being the administration of the sacraments and the breviary rites of the Armenian Church. Translated by Arthur John Maclean. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1905.; repr. Heildesheim Olms, 2004.

Daoud, Marcos. The liturgy of the Ethiopian Church. London: Routledge, 2005.

Gabra, Gawdat, ed. Coptic Civilization: Two Thousand Years of Christianity in Egypt. Cairo, Egypt: AUC Press, 2014.

Mikhail, Maged S.A. From Byzantine to Islamic Egypt: Religion, Identity and Politics after the Arab Conquest. London: I.B. Tauris, 2014.

Samuel, Athanasius Yeshue, ed. Anaphoras: The Book of the Divine Liturgies According to the Rite of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch. Lodi: The Syrian Orthodox Church, 1991.

Taft, Robert F. The Liturgy of the Hours in East and West. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1993.


Type Description Word count Weight (%)
Essay 2000 50.0
Essay 2000 50.0

Unit approved for the University of Divinity by Prof Albert Haddad on 12 Sep, 2022

Unit record last updated: 2022-09-12 13:05:28 +1000